Types. There are many types of vestibular balance disorders. Head injuries and viral infections are among the leading causes of vestibular disorders. Our chance of developing problems with our vestibular system also increases as we age. Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo or BPPV is another frequent cause of vestibular dysfunction. This happens when tiny crystals in the inner ear move to a location where they shouldn’t be. BPPV can cause sudden feelings of spinning or swaying. Cervicogenic dizziness is another type of vestibular balance disorder that occurs when someone suffers trauma to their cervical vertebrae. It can also be caused by cervical arthritis or other neck problems.