Guillain Barre syndrome is a rare disorder of the nervous system. It affects about 1 in 100,000 people a year. The disease specifically attacks the peripheral nerves, which serve all parts of the body and carry messages to and from the central nervous system. The condition causes loss of sensation and weakness. Guillain Barre syndrome is not inherited or contagious.
Information. Guillain Barre syndrome is an autoimmune disease. This means that the body mistakenly attacks itself in the “belief” that a normal bodily system is a foreign invader. In this case, the bodily system is the nerves that lie outside of the central nervous system. Guillain Barre syndrome can strike anyone at any age, though it most often strikes adults. It strikes men and women, though men are at somewhat higher risk. Most cases of Guillain Barre syndrome happen after the person has had an attack of stomach flu, a viral respiratory infection, Hodgkin’s lymphoma or the Zika virus, though others get the condition after they’ve had surgery. Very rarely, a person gets the disease after a vaccination.