Testicular cancer occurs in the testes, the male reproductive organs responsible for male hormones and sperm. Overall, it’s one of the rarest forms of cancer. At the same time, it’s the most common cancer found in North American and European men between the ages of 5 and 35. Each year, around 8,000 men in the U.S. are diagnosed with this type of cancer, and about 390 men will die from the disease. Fortunately, testicular cancer has a high cure rate with early detection.
Information. Researchers haven’t been able to determine the exact cause of testicular cancer, but they have determined some risk factors. They found that men who have close relatives diagnosed with testicular cancer are more likely to develop the disease. Undescended testicles in newborn males have a greater risk, as does those born with abnormalities of the penis, testicles, or kidneys and those born with a hernia in the groin. Klinefelter’s syndrome, a condition in which the testicles don’t develop normally is also a risk factor. Caucasian men are more likely to develop testicular cancer than those with African or Asian heritage. A vasectomy doesn’t appear to increase the odds of getting testicular cancer.