Endometrial cancer affects the reproductive system in women. It begins in the uterus- the hollow pelvic organ where fetuses develop and grow. Sometimes called ‘uterine cancer’, it originates in the endometrium, the layer of cells that compose the lining of the uterus. Endometrial cancer is often detected early, as it is accompanied by abnormal vaginal bleeding, prompting the woman to visit her doctor. When caught early, this type of cancer has a positive prognosis and is treatable.
Information. There are many risk factors that can reduce a woman’s risk of developing endometrial cancer. Hormonal levels are always changing and adjusting in women, but continuous imbalances and fluctuations in estrogen and progesterone- the two main female sex hormones- can lead to serious changes in the endometrium. Irregular ovulation patterns, obesity, diabetes, ovarian tumors, and polycystic ovarian syndrome can all increase the amount of estrogen in the body, while leaving progesterone straggling behind, increasing the endometrium’s vulnerability to cancer. Endometrial cancer is fairly common among women, affecting more than 200,000 women each year in the United States, alone.