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Premenstrual Syndrome

Premenstrual syndrome is one of the biggest women’s health issues that there is. Oddly enough, it was not recognized as being real up until the 19th century. Even then it was not looked at seriously until late into the 20th century. For a long time premenstrual syndrome was something only women were concerned about. There were many men who felt that it was, “all in (their) heads”. It was not until the 1980s when premenstrual syndrome was used as a defense in the courtroom that anyone started paying attention and began to study it. Before then it was not considered a social problem.


There are many different symptoms that come along with premenstrual syndrome. There are physical symptoms, behavioral symptoms, emotional and cognitive symptoms. Some physical symptoms include: acne, breast swelling, bowel habit changes, breast tenderness, nipple discharge, fatigue, pain, lessened sexual desire, food cravings and bloating. Behavioral symptoms can include: removal from friends and family and aggression. Some cognitive and emotional symptoms include: mood swings, depression, anxiety, inability to concentrate and anger.

When you have premenstrual syndrome you are at a heightened risk of getting depression. It is important that you speak with your doctor. It happens a lot that women get embarrassed about their depression symptoms and leave them to be undiagnosed.


It is what happens in your endocrine system which causes premenstrual syndrome. Changes occur which lead to your premenstrual syndrome. There are fluctuations in the chemicals found in your endocrine system. The endocrine system is a very complex thing. What brings about changes for one woman may not be the same for the other so the causes of premenstrual syndrome vary from woman to woman. It could be too much prolactin or increases aldosterone. It could be decreased endorphins or the brains not using enough serotonin. It could be a sensitivity to pancreatic hormones or the prostaglandins that cause you premenstrual syndrome.

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Premenstrual syndrome is not something that can be cured. Every woman must go through it as a part of their life. There are ways of treating some of the symptoms that come along with it, both emotional and physical. Sometimes premenstrual symptoms become so strong that you may be diagnosed with premenstrual dysphoric disorder. Some common treatments for PMS include: using anti-inflammatory drugs, getting regular exercise, taking calcium daily, reducing caffeine, taking vitamin B6, reducing stress, reducing sugar and sodium. If living a healthy lifestyle and using home treatments don’t work you should speak with your doctor. In some cases women with recurring severe symptoms are placed on selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. A lot of doctors will recommend taking birth control pills. This works for some women but others find it makes their mood worse.


Premenstrual syndrome is a natural change in the bodies of women. It is not a disease or a disability so there is not a prognosis per se. Premenstrual syndrome goes away once perimenopause begins so the prognosis is good. Having said that, women who go through premenstrual syndrome due have an increased risk of having depression.

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