Fuchs’ dystrophy is a disease of the cornea of the eye. The cornea is the clear, dome-shaped membrane that covers the eye. It often strikes older adults, though an eye doctor can see if it is beginning to develop in people who are younger. It happens because the inner layer of cells, or endothelium of the cornea start to break down. This eye disease is commonly overlooked, so gaining more knowledge about it is always a good idea.
Information. The job of the cornea’s endothelium is to make sure that the right level of fluid is in the cornea. This ensures that the cornea is always clear and does not contain excess fluid. When the endothelium breaks down and can no longer perform this task, the cornea starts to swell. This can lead to blisters on the cornea that are called epithelial bullae. When this happens, the patient has a condition called bullous keratopathy. This most often happens to people between ages 50 and 60 and can lead to vision problems. The bullae can also burst, which causes pain and opens the way for bacterial infection.