Chronic Illness

Alzheimer’s Disease

Alzheimer’s Disease

Alzheimer's disease generally affects those who are older than 65 years. There are four stages of Alzheimer's disease: (1) pre-dementia, (2) early stage, (3) moderate stage and (4) advanced stage.

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Arthritis

Arthritis

Arthritis is a common type of joint disorder that causes widespread and localized pain. There are over 100 different types of arthritis. The most serious symptoms associated with arthritis include pain, joint stiffness, decreased mobility, weight loss and swelling. Arthritis develops an inflammation of the joints and can be caused by daily use, fatigue and forceful movements. There are different types of treatment for arthritis including surgery, occupational therapy, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, alternative therapies and corticosteroids.

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Diabetes

Diabetes

Diabetes is a form of metabolic disease. It causes an individual to have high blood sugar, either due to insufficient production or insulin or inability to process insulin correctly. Common symptoms that occur in those who have diabetes includes increased thirst, increased hunger, weight loss and weight gain. Diabetes can be inherited or due to lifestyle. Treatment options for diabetes includes practicing a healthy diet, monitoring your blood sugar levels, and insulin pumps or injections.

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Lupus

Lupus

Lupus is a group of autoimmune diseases that causes the immune system to begin attacking healthy tissues including the lungs, kidneys and blood. There are four main types of lupus. Lupus generally affects women. Common symptoms that occur in those suffering from lupus include swelling and pain in the knees, wrists and hands. The exact cause of lupus is unknown. Researchers believe genes, hormones and the environment are factors. Treatment for lupus includes medications, antidepressants, creams, healthy diet and exercise.

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Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis is a type of inflammatory disease which causes myelin sheaths around the brain and spinal cord to become damaged. The symptoms for those suffering from multiple sclerosis vary. Some people will experience muscle weakness, spasms, difficulty moving, loss of feeling, pain and depression. Multiple sclerosis is suspected to be caused by environmental and genetic factors. Treatment for multiple sclerosis includes medication, physical therapy, disease-modifying therapy and more.

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Parkinson’s Disease

Parkinson’s Disease

Parkinson's Disease is a chronic illness that negatively affects the central nervous system. Symptoms expressed by those suffering from Parkinson's disease include tremors, postural instability, akinesia and bradykinesia and rigidity. Generally symptoms do not occur until the disease has progressed to a degenerative state. The exact cause of Parkinson's disease is unknown. Medications are used as a form of treatment to help increase the dopamine released by neurotransmitters in the brain.

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