A urinalysis is a common test that doctors order. It is used to test or screen for a variety of common medical conditions. Diseases and conditions a urinalysis test can screen for include urinary tract infections, liver disorders, kidney diseases and diabetes. The test is simple and no special preparation is usually needed. It is often included in an overall medical exam to help evaluate a person’s general health. Keep reading to learn more about this common medical test.
Information. A urinalysis is actually a set of tests used to help diagnose and manage a variety of health conditions. These tests include chemical, microscopic and visual components. The color and clarity of the urine are inspected visually. This can aid in diagnosing some conditions, such as urinary tract infections. This type of infection will often give urine a cloudy appearance. Chemical and microscopic tests are used to look for byproducts of metabolism (both normal and abnormal), bacteria and types of cells found in the urine. These tests can help determine if someone is suffering from a particular infection or disease. When a urinalysis test reveals abnormalities, a doctor may order additional tests to determine the source of the problem and make an accurate diagnosis.